The humphead wrasse is among the most prized species in the lucrative trade of reef fish. It has thick, fleshy lips, and a hump, females are red-orange above, and red-orange to white below. 120179): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tm = 5-7; tmax = 32). 70 FR 33116. herring, Pacific (Clupea pallasi) ... wrasse, humphead (Cheilinus undulatus) List as Threatened or Endangered and Designate Critical Habitat: 2015: 79 FR 57875: Corals. It can be a valuable tool in moving towards the sustainable management of high-value, small-scale and widely traded coral reef species, such as the Humphead Wrasse. Characteristic features of the wrasses include thick lips, smooth scales, long dorsal and anal fins, and large, often protruding canine teeth in the front of the jaw. Collectively, these reports show declining populations in nearly The species' total population has dropped by at least half in just 30 years, with some localized populations declining by … Adult echidnas are the size of large house cats. The large and slow adult Wrasse is usually tired of human activities, and often easy to catch by spear fishers in its den. One interesting fact - Humphead wrasse are protogynous hermaphrodites, with some members of the population becoming male at approximately 9 years old. further information from national and provincial jurisdictions on Humphead Wrasse population status, harvest methods and trade. A quantitative viability analysis (i.e., population modeling) was not conducted for the humphead wrasse because of the limited or inadequate data on population size, definitive trends in population size or apparent abundance, intrinsic rate of increase, mortality rates, or size structure. (6) The fish is large and has thick lips. Still: neither its intriguing appearance, nor its role in sustaining marine ecosystems (it preys on toxic sea animals and maintains the health of the coral reef) has kept the Napoleon safe. CITES is a powerful means of supporting national laws and addressing illegal trade. They are usually a striking blue green color, although other shades have been reported. It is also known as the Māori wrasse, Napoleon wrasse, Napoleon fish, Napoleonfish, so mei 蘇眉 (Cantonese), mameng (Filipino), and merer in the Pohnpeian language of the Caroline Islands. Humphead wrasse are big, colorful fish that inhabit the warm shallow waters of the coral reefs of the Indian and Pacific Ocean. Its slow breeding rate and its 45-50 year lifespan can only tolerate light fishing, and as a result the population has declined by … important species, the humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulates). Countries that even lightly fish the Humphead Wrasse in surrounding waters have reported 10 times fewer population. Known prosaically as the humphead wrasse, and more majestically as the Napoleon, the fish may appear either stunning or endearingly misshapen. The humphead wrasse, Cheilinus undulatus, is a species of wrasse mainly found on coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. Humphead wrasses, like most wrasses, are protogynous hermaphrodites, meaning that they can function as members of both sexes over their reproductive lives and that they will start as females. The humphead wrasse is the largest living member of the family Labridae, with males reaching 6 ft (2 m) in length, while females rarely exceed about 3 ft (1 m). For coral-reef ecosystems, this fish is also in hot demand. These sources of information include underwater visual censuses, fishermen’s reports, dive operator reports, and anecdotal information. Densities of Humphead Maori Wrasse rarely exceed 20 fish per hectare in their preferred habitats of outer reefs (Russell, 2004), but are generally not more than 10 fish per hectare (Sadovy et al 2004). Habitat This member of the Labridae family inhabits steep outer reef slops, channel slopes, and lagoon reefs to depths of 330 feet (100 m). An international workshop will be held in June, 2006, to discuss regional issues in relation to the CITES App II listing of the HHW and to discuss the possibility of adopting a Conservation status: Endangered Conservationists continue to urge people not to capture these reef fish for food. The wrasse is invaluable not when it's on people's dinner plates — but when it's simply left alone in the clear ocean waters it inhabits. It constitutes about 25% of the coral reef cover of the Philippines. Humphead Wrasse are the most expensive and prized fish in the live reef fish trade, which poses a huge threat to the population. It's found on coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. Individuals become sexually mature at four to six years, and females are known to live for around 50 years, whereas males live a slightly shorter 45 years. It can reach well over two meters in length and 200 kilograms in weight - an elephant of coral reefs. POPULATION TREND: Although humphead wrasse have widespread distribution, the World Conservation Union has revealed a worrying decline in numbers. 2008. The Humphead wrasse cannot yet be hatchery-reared at commercial levels, so all fish in trade are wild-caught. 59153): Very high vulnerability (86 of 100) . The Humphead Wrasse is a large species of wrasse found in both Endless Ocean and Endless Ocean: Blue World. Most species are elongated and relatively slender. Population. The population density of adult Humphead Maori Wrasse in the CSF is thought to be between three and five adults per hectare (Choat, 2010). This fish is a humphead or Maori Wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus). The humphead wrasse resides in the Indo-Pacific region from the Red Sea to South Africa and to the Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, and south to New Caledonia. World Wildlife Fund: Learn more about the … Vulnerability (Ref. The criteria used were: (1) presence of sandy substrate with coral fringing the periphery; (2) low water motion; and (3) distance from the reef crest as … Weighing up to 400 pounds with distinctive markings behind its eyes, the humphead wrasse is an endangered reef fish. The humphead wrasse is the largest living member of the family Labridae, with a reported maximum size of 229 cm total length (7.5 ft) and 190.5 kg (420 lb) (Marshall 1964); however, there are no confirmed records of this species greater than 150 cm fork length (Choat et al. Price category (Ref. How You Can Help: IUCN: Learn more about why it's worth protecting the Humphead Wrasse. Unlike elephants, humphead wrasses don't get a lot of publicity, but they’re “in probably a worse state of trouble,” says Colman O’Criodain, the World Wildlife Fund’s policy manager for wildlife. Humphead Wrasse in support of existing national regulations. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Species They can live for 30 years, grow to 2 ... population may remain on the other side of the island, which is the Indonesian territory of Western New Guinea.